3 edition of Paint-Solvents, Aromatic Hydrocarbons found in the catalog.
Paint-Solvents, Aromatic Hydrocarbons
American Society for Testing and Materials.
by Astm Intl
Written in English
|The Physical Object|
The hydrocarbons of the alkane, alkene and alkyne series are aliphatic compounds and contain aromatic structural rings. Apart from being used as diluents or solvents in paints and paint thinners, these solvents are often utilized for rubber manufacturing, degreasing and oil extraction, and as carriers for disinfectants and aerosols.. Some examples of hydrocarbons that are aliphatic hydrocarbon. Aromatic hydrocarbons are defined by having 6-membered ring structures with alternating double bonds (Fig ). Figure Aromatic Hydrocarbons. Aromatic hydrocarbons contain the 6-membered benzene ring structure (A) that is characterized by alternating double bonds. Ultradur, PBT is a plastic polymer that contains an aromatic functional group.
IUPAC nomenclature of aromatic hydrocarbons is explained below: 1. According to IUPAC nomenclature of substituted aromatic compounds, the substituent name is placed as a prefix to the name of aromatic compounds. For example, a benzene ring attached to a . Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) have found applications in a variety of industries including dyes, drugs, semiconductors, fluorescent reagents, chemiluminescent reagents, and as polychromatic and antistatic additives for plastics. This up-to-date, single volume reference source brings together all essential information on the physical and spectral properties, methods of synthesis, and.
This volume features specifications that establish the standard property requirements for various solvents, including aromatic hydrocarbons, alcohols, ketones, and esters. Accompanying the specifications are tests that define standard procedures for conducting physical and chemical tests on solvents and for determining solubility and miscibility. In organic chemistry, aromaticity is a property of cyclic (ring-shaped), planar (flat) structures with a ring of resonance bonds that gives increased stability compared to other geometric or connective arrangements with the same set of atoms. Aromatic molecules are very stable, and do not break apart easily to react with other substances. Organic compounds that are not aromatic are classified.
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Paint Solvents; Aromatic Hydrocarbons (ANNUAL BOOK OF A S T M STANDARDS VOLUME ) on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. ASTM Standards Volume Paint Solvents; Aromatic Hydrocarbons Paperback – January 1, by ASTM (Author) See all formats and editions Hide other Author: ASTM.
Products and Services / Standards & Publications / Standards Products / Annual Book of ASTM Standards. ASTM VolumeMarch Paint -- Solvents; Aromatic Hydrocarbons. Table of Contents. D() Standard Specification for Mineral Spirits (Petroleum Spirits) (Hydrocarbon Dry Cleaning Solvent).
Products and Services / Standards & Publications / Annual Book of ASTM Standards. ASTM VolumeMarch Paint -- Solvents; Aromatic Hydrocarbons. Table of Contents. DR07 Specification for Mineral Spirits (Petroleum Spirits) (Hydrocarbon Dry Cleaning Solvent).
“Paint - Solvents; Aromatic Hydrocarbons,” Aromatic Hydrocarbons book, Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA USA. James D. McCurry, “A Unified Gas Chromatog-raphy Method for Aromatic Solvent Analysis,” Agilent Technologies, publication EN 3.
ASTM DStandard Test Method for Analysis of p-Xylene, Annual Book of ASTM. Mineral Spirits: A Mixture of Aliphatic Hydrocarbons; Similar to Lighter Fluid and Charcoal Lighter • used for most oil-based and alkyd paints, primers and varnishes • “Paint Thinner” may be mostly, or all, mineral spirits • add to paint only when necessary; use to clean brushes, spills, etc.
Aromatic hydrocarbons have the most solvency power of all solvents, with a chemical structure based upon the aromatic 6-membered benzene ring.
Toluene and xylene are the most commonly used aromatics and are used in the manufacture of high performance surface coatings, rubbers, laquers and as building blocks for pharmaceutical compounds.
Aromatic hydrocarbons blends (sometimes called Naphtha solvents) are usually aromatic petroleum fractions (C9 to C13) with different grades having fixed boiling ranges. They are commonly used in many industrial coatings as part of the solvent systems even if they try to be avoided when possible.
Aromatic Hydrocarbons. Benzene, C 6 H 6, is the simplest member of a large family of hydrocarbons, called aromatic compounds contain ring structures and exhibit bonding that must be described using the resonance hybrid concept of valence bond theory or the delocalization concept of molecular orbital theory.
(To review these concepts, refer to the earlier tutorials on. Hydrocarbons are used in surface coatings, cleaning products, polishes, pharmaceutical manufacture Hydrocarbons that are used industrially can be supplied in a number of different forms: Aliphatic hydrocarbons (Normal, Iso, Cyclic) Aromatic Hydrocarbons (Structure contains an aromatic ring).
D Standard Test Method for Acidity of Benzene, Toluene, Xylenes, Solvent Naphthas, and Similar Industrial Aromatic Hydrocarbons. D Standard Test Method for Acid Wash Color of Industrial Aromatic Hydrocarbons.
D()e1 Standard Test Method for Copper Strip Corrosion by Industrial Aromatic Hydrocarbons. Aromatic Hydrocarbons MAIN Idea Aromatic hydrocarbons are unusually stable compounds with ring structures in which electrons are shared by many atoms. ChemFacts • The primary source of hydrocarbons is petroleum.
• About 75 million barrels of petroleum are pumped out of the Earth each day. • Hydrocarbons are used as fuels and.
The aromatic solvents available from Shell chemicals companies include pure aromatics like toluene and xylene (isomer mix) as well as a range of heavier C9 and C10 aromatic solvents sold under the ShellSol* name. The ShellSol grades constitute a versatile range of high boiling, highly aromatic solvents.
ASTM - Volume March Paint, Solvents, Aromatic Hydrocarbons (list of standards) (PDF) Aliphatic Hydrocarbon Solvents. Aliphatic hydrocarbon solvents do not contain a benzene ring. They are mixtures of either saturated, long straight chain (normal-paraffin) or branched chain (iso-paraffin) or cyclic paraffins.
These solvents are. An aromatic hydrocarbon or arene is a hydrocarbon with sigma bonds and delocalized pi electrons between carbon atoms forming a circle.
In contrast, aliphatic hydrocarbons lack this delocalization. The term "aromatic" was assigned before the physical mechanism determining aromaticity was discovered, and referred simply to the fact that many such compounds have a sweet or pleasant odour; however, not all aromatic compounds.
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) have found applications in a variety of industries including dyes, drugs, semiconductors, fluorescent reagents, chemiluminescent reagents, and as polychromatic and antistatic additives for plastics. This up-to-date, single volume reference source brings together all essential information on the physical Cited by: Published annually in March.
This volume contains standards. Under the heading of solvents, this volume features specifications that establish the standard property requirements for various solvents, including aromatic hydrocarbons, alcohols, ketones, and esters.
It is a mixture of saturated aliphatic and alicyclic C7 to C12 hydrocarbons with a maximum content of 25% of C7 to C12 alkyl aromatic hydrocarbons. White spirit is used as an extraction solvent, as a cleaning solvent, as a degreasing solvent and as a solvent in aerosols, paints, wood preservatives, lacquers, varnishes, and asphalt products.
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, many of which are potent human carcinogens, occur widely in the environment as a result of incomplete combustion of organic matter. This volume was the first to review the chemical properties of these carcinogens and to relate their carcinogenic activity to their metabolic by-products within the by: Much of the aromatic product obtained by catalytic re-forming is blended with other fractions from petroleum refining to give high-octane gasoline.
The rest is separated into its component hydrocarbons, which then are utilized by the chemical industry for the production of chemicals derived from benzene, methylbenzene, and the dimethylbenzenes. Paint -- Solvents; Aromatic Hydrocarbons D Specification for Mineral Spirits (Petroleum Spirits) (Hydrocarbon Dry Cleaning Solvent) D Guide for Sampling and Testing Volatile Solvents and Chemical Intermediates for Use in Paint and Related Coatings and Material.Hydrocarbons Physical Properties and their Relevance to Utilisation Hydrocarbons Physical Properties and their Relevance to Utilisation 4 Contents Contents Author s Preface 1.
Physical properties of organic liquids The result is this tome on the physical properties of hydrocarbons. I expect that this book will be of interest to students.Types of Solvents: The chemical classification of a solvent is based on its chemical structure.
Hydrocarbon solvents are classified into three sub-groups based on the type of “carbon skeleton” of their molecules, giving us the aliphatic, aromatic and paraffinic solvents families.
Paint thinner is a common example of a hydrocarbon solvent.